Social Diversity and Differentiation
Saal 'Siemens' from 18.06., 14:00 till 19.06., 15:15

As a prominent phenomenon, the megalithic grave represents a monument form that indicates a significant collective aspect. Such monuments could only have been constructed collectively. Simultaneously, the collective use of these structures is made plausible through a collective burial custom. The same applies to further forms of monumentality, whereby collective construction processes by larger groups of persons were necessary. At the same time, these monuments may have been important as ritual and symbolic central places, certainly for large groups of people. In addition to the inclusive character of monuments, they are also frequently associated with the exclusion of persons. A megalithic tomb, for example, separates the buried from the outside world. The same applies to enclosures, whereby a clear distinction between inside and outside is created in these cases. Are these monuments thus an expression of a collective ideology, or do they testify the power of some over the labor force of many? In addition to these inherent characteristics of monuments, the time span of their creation is characterized by a stronger (internal) differentiation of groups of people, also within the field of material culture. For example, a significant regionalization of decorations and ceramic forms occurs in the northern Funnel Beaker culture, while they are spatially united by a very similar burial custom, nearly within a pan-European horizon. The topic to be explored in the session "Social Diversity and Differentiation" focuses on references to the underlying processes of the said phenomena which arise from current studies. How can we interpret the quite sparse and often seemingly contradictory traces of the social organization of Neolithic societies? Can social differentiation be observed in the context of monumentality of the landscape, and in what forms are the different developments represented in different regions?

Date Time
14:00 Forms of differentiation in the dead during the 4th millennium BC in Northern France
Salanova, Laure
14:25 Structural changes in social organisation of TRB society in Eastern Jutland
Madsen, Thorsten
14:50 How major monuments defined the identity of Neolithic farmers
Andersen, Niels H.
15:15 Stone cist graves in 4th and 3rd mill. BC between Vistula and Dnieper. Similar forms, different contexts, variable meanings
Szmyt, Marzena
15:40 Coffee Break
16:00 Chosen or equal? Social organisation in Middle and Late Neolithic Poland revisited
Pospieszny, Łukasz, Krenz-Niedbała, Marta
16:25 Social differentiation as reflected in the Corded Ware culture burial rite in the Southern Poland
Jarosz, Paweł
16:50 The hole in the doughnut. Enclosures, prestige and selective adoption in the south German later Neolithic
Hofmann, Daniela, Husty, Ludwig
17:15 A Room With A View (On The Lake). Tracing back social organization in the Neolithic through pile dwelling architecture
Verdonkschot, Jadranka
09:00 Burial practices and social hierarchisation in Copper Age southern Spain: New evidence from Valencina de la Concepción (Seville, Spain)
García Sanjuán, Leonardo
09:25 Landscapes of complexity in South Portugal during the 4th and 3rd millennium BC
Valera, António Carlos
09:50 Diachronic Spatial Analysis of the Distribution and Function of Northern Central European Funnel Beaker grave pottery
Lorenz, Luise
10:40 Coffee Break
11:00 The Bone Puzzle. Reconstructing Burial Rites in Collective Tombs
Schiesberg, Sara
11:25 The social implications of construction: a consideration of the earliest Neolithic monuments of Britain and Ireland
Cummings, Vicki
11:50 How routine life was made sacred: settlement and monumentality in later Neolithic Britain
Pollard, Joshua
12:15 Non-megalithic and megalithic monuments in Britain and Ireland from the late 5th to the 3rd millennium BC: tracing trajectories and building plausible narratives
Sheridan, Alison
12:40 Lunch Break
14:00 Neolithic Ritual and Art (working title)
O´Sullivan, Muiris
14:25 Regional traditions and distant events – Parknabinnia and other atypical court tombs in north Munster, western Ireland
Jones, Carleton
14:50 Understanding ceremonial monument complexes in Wessex, England, in relation to concepts of power
Greaney, Susan
Poster Presentations