Monuments and Their Builders
Saal 'Einstein' from 19.06., 09:00 till 19.06., 16:50

Most archaeological methods can only provide us with an indirect indication of the people who built the monuments and lived among them. But there are some approaches that lead more directly to these people. In terms of a broad definition of anthropology, these include the direct examination of human remains, on the one hand, and, on the other hand, the analysis of their sparse personal testimonies. Finally, ethnoarchaeological studies, although they may not closely investigate Neolithic cultures themselves, still represent an invaluable extension of the interpretation horizon with their data material. Personal testimonies and human remains are unevenly available in different areas of the distribution of the phenomenon of early monumentality, mostly in quite sparse quantities. Nonetheless, this makes them even more important as a source where they are present. Although a transfer of knowledge provided by anthropological studies from one area of study to another must make use of the same analogy as ethno-archaeological studies, where they can be carried out, they represent unique focal points that illuminate an otherwise insufficiently delineated sphere. In addition, the evaluation of sparse self-evidence in the form of art, although it is always subject to the interpretive filter of the analysing scientist, is the only clear way to approach the universe of ideas of past societies. The session "Monuments and Their Builders" will be devoted to the task of gathering such evidence to come closer to "the people behind the monuments". It will present new results concerning the direct remnants of these people, such as that which has been obtained by the analysis of artistic creativity or approached with the help of ethnoarchaeological parallels that aid in comprehending the phenomenon of early monumentality from the perspective of a lived reality.

Date Time
09:00 The early Neolithic in northern Germany in the light of archaeometric results on human remains
Terberger, Thomas, Lüth, Friedrich, Piezonka, Henny, Schulz, Anna, Burger, Joachim
09:25 Stages and Cycles: The Demography of Populations Practicing Collective Burials Theories, Methods and Results
Schiesberg, Sara, Zimmermann, Andreas
09:50 Niedertiefenbach reloaded: The builders of the Wartberg gallery grave
Rinne, Christoph, Fuchs, Katharina, Kopp, Juliane, Schade-Lindig, Sabine, Susat, Julian, Krause-Kyora, Ben, Nebel, Almut
10:15 The physical strain on megalithic tomb builders from northern Germany –results of an anthropological-paleopathological investigation of human remains from the Hessian-Westphalian Megalithic Soest Group in Erwitte-Schmerlecke
Klingner, Susan, Schultz, Michael
10:40 Coffee Break
11:00 The gallery grave of Bury and Bazoches-sur-Vesle: An inter-site comparison of two Late Neolithic deceased populations of the Paris Basin
Marçais, Anne-Sophie
11:25 Bones within tombs: characterizing builders and users of tombs during the 4th-3rd Millennia BCE in Portuguese Estremadura.
Boaventura, Rui, Silva, Ana Maria, Ferreira, Maria Teresa
11:50 Towards other Atlantic banks : reviewing Senegambian megalithism
Laporte , Luc , Bocoum, Hamady
12:15 The Megaliths of Sumatra: Phenomenological and Contextual Approaches
Bonatz, Dominik
12:40 Lunch Break
14:00 Why decorating monumental tombs? A view from South-East Asia
Robin, Guillaume
14:25 Building Workforces for Large Stone Monuments: The Labour Dynamics of a Living Megalithic Tradition in Eastern Indonesia
Adams, Ron
14:50 Social implications of megalithic construction - A case study from Nagaland and Northern Germany
Wunderlich, Maria
15:15 Building community: significant places now and before
Milesi, Lara
15:40 Coffee Break
16:00 Personal testimonies inside megalithic monuments
Dehn, Torben
16:25 Moraines, megaliths and moo: putting the prehistoric tractor to work
Rosenstock, Eva, Masson, Astrid, Zich, Bernd