Priv.-Doz. Dr. Martin Furholt

wiss. Assistent, Prähistorische Archäologie/Urgeschichte; Studienberatung

Johanna-Mestorf-Straße 2-6, R.24
Telefon: +49 431 880-3798
Telefax: +49 431 880-7300
martin.furholt@ufg.uni-kiel.de

Sprechstunde: Mittwoch 14:00 - 15:00 Uhr
Lehrveranstaltungen im UnivIS
Studienfachberatung (ZSB)

Lebenslauf

SS 2016 Vertretung des Lehrstuhls für Vor- und Frühgeschichte an der Goethe Universität Frankfurt/Main
WS 2015/16 Vertretung des Lehrstuhls für Urgeschichtliche Archäologie der Iniversität Kiel
2014 Habilitation an der Philosophischen Fakultät der Universität Kiel
seit 2011 Wissenschaftlicher Assistent am Institut für Ur- und Frühgeschichte der Universität Kiel
2009-2011 Koordination des SPP 1400 an der Universität Kiel
2007-2008 Einjähriges Reisestipendium des DAI
2006-2009 Fortbildungsstipendium des DAI (Zentrale Berlin)
2006 Tätigkeit für das Landesamt für Archäologie Sachsen-Anhalt
2006 Promotion in Kiel
2004-2006 Promotionsstipendium der Studienstiftung des Deutschen Volkes für das selbe Projekt
2003-2004 DAAD-Auslandstipendium für das Dissertationsprojekt „Die nördlichen Badener Keramikstile“
2003 Magister in Bamberg
2000-2001 Auslandsstipendium des DAAD in Aarhus, Dänemark
1997-2003 Studium der Ur- und Frühgeschichte in Berlin, Kiel, Aarhus, Erlangen und Bamberg

Schriftenverzeichnis

Stand 9/2015 (PDF)

Monographien: (academia.edu)

in Vorbereitung:

  • Martin Furholt, Das Ägäische Neolithikum und Chalkolithikum. Transformationen sozialer Handlungsmuster in Anatolien und Griechenland zwischen 6500 und 4000 v. Chr. Universitätsforschungen zur Prähistorischen Archäologie (Bonn i. Dr.).

2009

  • Martin Furholt, Die nördlichen Badener Keramikstile im Kontext des mitteleuropäischen Spätneolithikums (3650-2900 v. Chr). Studien zur Archäologie in Ostmitteleuropa Bd. 3 (Bonn 2009).

2003

  • Martin Furholt, Die absolutchronologische Datierung der Schnurkeramik in Mitteleuropa und Südskandinavien. Universitätsforschungen zur Prähistorischen Archäologie 101 (Bonn 2003).
     

Herausgeberschaft:

2016

  • Martin Furholt/Ralph Grossmann/Marzena Szmyt (Hrsg.), Transitional Landscapes: Globular Amphorae, Corded Ware and Bell Beakers. Proceedings of the International Workshop Socio-Environmental Dynamics over the Last 12.000 Years: the Creation of Landscapes III in Kiel. Universitätsforschungen zur Prähistorischen Archäologie 292 (Bonn 2016).

2014

  • Martin Furholt/Martin Hinz/Doris Mischka/Gary Noble/Debbie Olausson (Hrsg.), Landscapes, Histories and Societies in Northern European Neolithic. Frühe Monumentalität und Soziale Differenzierung 4 (Bonn 2014).

2012

  • Martin Furholt/Martin Hinz/Doris Mischka (Eds.), 'As time goes by' Monuments, Landscapes and the temporal Perspective. Proceedings of the Open Workshop 14th - 18th of March, 2011 in Kiel: Socio-environmental dynamics over the last 12.000 years: the creation of landscapes II. Universitätsforschungen zur Prähistorischen Archäologie 206 (Bonn 2012).

2011

  • Martin Furholt/Friedrich Lüth/Johannes Müller/Chris Scarre (Eds.), Megaliths and Identities. Papers delivered at the third European Megalithic Studies Group Meeting 13th - 15th of May 2010 at Kiel University, Germany. Frühe Monumentalität und Soziale Differenzierung 1 (Bonn 2011) .

2008

  • Martin Furholt/Marzena Szmyt/Albert Zastawny (Hrsg.), The Baden Complex and the Outside World. Studien zur Archäologie in Ostmitteleuropa Bd. 4 (Bonn 2008).

 

Aufsätze: (academia.edu)

forthcoming

  • Martin Furholt, Massive migrations? The impact of recent aDNA studies on our view of third millennium Europe. European Journal of Archaeology (accepted).
  • Martin Furholt, Socio-spatial organisation and early Neolithic expansion in Western Anatolia and Greece. In: Maja Gori/Maria Ivanova (Eds.), Balkan Dialogues. Negotiating Identity Between Prehistory and the Present. Routledge in press (accepted).
  • Martin Furholt, A network model for the Aegean Neolithic, 6500-5500 BC. In: Ciler Cilingiroglu, Marina Milic and Barry Molloy (Eds.), Who is on board? Seafaring and social organisation from the Palaeolithic to the Early Bronze Age in the Aegean. Oxbow, (submitted).
  • Martin Furholt, Innovations and social heterogeneity in Late Neolithic Europe. J. Renn/S. Hansen/F. Klimscha (eds.), Contextualising Ancient Innovations. Understanding the Innovation Process in Prehistory and Antiquity. Edition TOPOI (in press).
  • Martin Furholt/Martin Hinz/Doris Mischka, Putting things into practice: Exploring the consequences of pragmatic theory for archaeology. In: Johannes Müller/Mara Weinelt (Eds.), Human Development in Landscapes (Bonn in press).

2016

  • Martin Furholt, Settlement Layout and Social Organisation in the Earliest European Neolithic. Antiquity 90, H. 353, 2016, 1196–1212.
  • Martin Furholt, Corded Ware and Bell Beakers – A Practice-based Perspective on Local Communities, Transregional Interaction and Social Heterogeneity in Late Neolithic Europe .Martin Furholt/Ralph Grossmann/Marzena Szmyt (Hrsg.), Transitional Landscapes? The 3rd millennium BC in Europe. Proceedings of the International Workshop "Socio-Environmental Dynamics over the Last 12,000 Years: The Creation of Landscapes III (15th – 18th April 2013)" in Kiel. Universitätsforschungen zur Prähistorischen Archäologie (Bonn 2016) 117-131.

2015

  • Martin Furholt, Die „Neolithisierung“ des südlichen Ostseeraums: Diskussion der Rolle traditioneller Konzepte bei der Beschreibung sozialen Wandels. Germania 92, 2014 (2015), 155-162.
  • Vesa P.J. Arponen/Johannes Müller/Robert Hofmann/Martin Furholt/Artur Ribeiro/Christian Horn/Martin Hinz, Using the Capability Approach to Conceptualise Inequality in Archaeology: the Case of the Late Neolithic Bosnian Site Okolište c. 5200–4600 bce. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory, 2015, 1–20.
  • Knut Rassmann/Carsten Mischka/Martin Furholt/René Ohlrau/Kai Radloff/Kay Winkelmann/Gábor Serlegi/Tibor Marton/Anett Osztás/Krisztián Oross/Eszter Bánffy, Large Scale Geomagnetic Prospection on Neolithic Sites in Hungary. I. Hungarian Archaeology E-Journal Spring 2015, 1-8.
  • Knut Rassmann/Carsten Mischka/Martin Furholt/René Ohlrau/Kai Radloff/Kay Winkelmann/Gábor Serlegi/Tibor Marton/Anett Osztás/Krisztián Oross/Eszter Bánffy, Large Scale Geomagnetic Prospection on Neolithic Sites in Hungary. Part 2. Hungarian Archaeology E-Journal Summer 2015, 1-6

2014

  • Martin Furholt, Upending a ‘Totality’: Re-evaluating Corded Ware Variability in Late Neolithic Europe. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 80, 2014, pp 67 – 86.
  • Ingo Feeser/Martin Furholt, Ritual and economic activity during the Neolithic in Schleswig-Holstein, northern Germany: an approach to combine archaeological and palynological evidence. Journal of Archaeological Science 51/0, 2014, 126–134.
  • Martin Furholt/Jozef Bátora/Ivan Cheben/Helmut Kroll/Knut Rassmann/Peter Tóth, Vráble – Veľké Lehemby: Eine Siedlungsgruppe der Linearkeramik in der Südwestslowakei. Vorbericht über die Untersuchungen der Jahre 2010 und 2012 und Deutungsansätze. Slovenská Archaeológia 62,2, 2014, 227-266.
  • Martin Furholt, What is the Funnel Beaker complex? Persistant troubles with an inconsistent concept. In: Martin Furholt/Martin Hinz/Doris Mischka/Gary Noble/Debbie Olausson (Hrsg.), Landscapes, Histories and Societies in Neolithic Northern Europe. Frühe Monumentalität und Soziale Differenzierung 4 (Bonn 2014), 17-26.

2013

  • Martin Furholt, Abseits des Weges - Prospektion und Ausgrabung in Kundruci. In: Johannes Müller/Knut Rassmann/Robert Hofmann (Hrsg.), Okolište I. Untersuchung einer spätneolithischen Siedlungskammer in Zentralbosnien. Neolithikum und Chalkolithikum in Zentralbosnien 1. Universitätsforschungen zur prähistorischen Archäologie Band 228 (Bonn 2013) 173-206.
  • Martin Furholt, Radiokarbonové datování. In: L. Šebela a kolektiv (Hrsg.), Hlinsko. Výšinná osada lidu badenské kultury, Spisy Archeologického ústavu AV ČR Brno 32. Brno 2007 (2013), 225-239.
  • Martin Furholt, Die Datierung der Höhensiedlung Hlinsko im Kontext der Boleráz-Gruppe Mährens. Přehled Yýzkumů 54,1, 2013, 83-97.
  • Serlegi Gábor, Knut Rassmann, Anett Osztás, Carsten Mischka, Martin Furholt, René Ohlaru, Kay Winkelmann, Eszter Bánffy  ,Neolitikus lelőhelyek nagyfelületű magnetométeres felmérése a kalocsai és a tolnai Sárközben . Magyar Régészet. Online Magazin 2013 Tavasz, 1-8.

2012

  • Martin Furholt/Martin Hinz/Doris Mischka, “As time goes by” – Meanings, Memories and Monuments. In: Martin Furholt/Martin Hinz/Doris Mischka (Hrsg.), 'As time goes by?' Monumentality, Landscapes and the Temporal Perspective. Proceedings of the International Workshop Socio-Environmental Dynamics over the Last 12.000 Years: the Creation of Landscapes II (14th - 18th of March 2011) in Kiel. Volume 2. Universitätsforschungen zur Prähistorischen Archäologie 206 (Bonn 2012) 13-20.
  • Martin Furholt, Monuments and Durable Landscapes in the Neolithic of Southern Scandinavia and Northern Central Europe: In: Martin Furholt/Martin Hinz/Doris Mischka (Hrsg.), 'As time goes by' Monumentality, Landscapes and the Temporal Perspective. Proceedings of the International Workshop Socio-Environmental Dynamics over the Last 12.000 Years: the Creation of Landscapes II (14th - 18th of March 2011) in Kiel. Volume 2. Universitätsforschungen zur Prähistorischen Archäologie 206 (Bonn 2012) 115-132.
  • Martin Furholt, Die Räumliche Struktur der entwickelten Trichterbecherkeramik: Eine quantitative Analyse stilistischer Ähnlichkeitsmuster. In: Martin Hinz/Friedrich Lüth/Johannes Müller (Hrsg), Berichte des SPP 1400 Band 1. Frühe Monumentalität und Soziale Differenzierung 2 (Bonn 2012) 473-484.
  • Martin Furholt, Kundruci: Development of Social Space in a Late Neolithic Tell-Settlement in Central Bosnia. In: Robert Hofmann/Fevzi-Kemal Moetz/Johannes Müller (Hrsg.), Tells: Social and Environmental Space. Proceedings of the Open Workshop 14th - 18th of March, 2011 in Kiel: Socio-environmental dynamics over the last 12.000 years: the creation of landscapes II (Bonn 2012) 203-219.
  • Martin Furholt, Neue Grabungen auf dem Sonntagsfeld bei Halberstadt, Lkr- Harz. Archäologie in Sachsen-Anhalt 6, 2012, 28-34.
  • Martin Furholt, Die Datierung der Höhensiedlung Hlinsko im Kontext der Boleráz-Gruppe Mährens. In: L. Šebela/ J. Pavelčik (Hrsg.), Výšinná osada lidu badenské kultury v Hlinsku u Lipníka nad Bečvou, Spisy Archeologického ústavu AV ČR Brno 32. Brno 2012, 37-55.

2011

  • Martin Furholt, Zeichensysteme nach der Sesshaftwerdung: Keramik als Symbolträger und Vermittler sozialen Wandels im ägäischen Früh- und Mittelneolithikum. Eurasia Antiqua 17, 2011, 21-44
  • Martin Furholt, Entstehung der frühen Einzelgräber – Was geschah vor 4800 Jahren? Archäologie in Deutschland 2/2011, 30-31.
  • Martin Furholt, Materielle Kultur und räumliche Strukturen sozialer Identität im 4. und 3. Jahrtausend v. Chr. in Mitteleuropa. Eine methodische Skizze. In: S. Hansen/J. Müller (Hrsg.), Sozialarchäologische Perspektiven: Gesellschaftlicher Wandel 5000-1500 v. Chr. zwischen Atlantik und Kaukasus. Internationale Tagung in Kiel 15.–18. Oktober 2007 in Kiel. Archäologie in Eurasien 24 (Berlin 2011) 243-267.
  • Martin Furholt, Polythetic Classification and Measures of Similarity in Material Culture. A Quantitative Approach to Baden Complex Material. Analecta Archaeologica Ressoviensis 4, 2009 (2011) 225-263.
  • Martin Furholt/Johannes Müller, The earliest monuments in Europe – Architecture and social structures (5000-3000 BC). In: Martin Furholt/Friedrich Lüth/Johannes Müller (Hrsg.), Megaliths and Identities. Early Monuments and Neolithic Societies from the Atlantic to the Baltic. 3rd European Megalithic Studies Group Meeting 13th - 15th of May 2010 at Kiel University. Frühe Monumentalität und Soziale Differenzierung 1 (Bonn 2011) 15-32.

2010

  • Martin Furholt, A Virtual and a Practiced Neolithic? Material Culture Symbolism, Monumentality and Identities in the Western Baltic Region. In: Martin Furholt/Friedrich Lüth/Johannes Müller/Chris Scarre (Eds.), Megaliths and Identities. Papers delivered at the third European Megalithic Studies Group Meeting 13th - 15th of May 2010 at Kiel University, Germany. www.jungsteinsite.de Artikel vom 17. September 2010.
  • Barbara Fritsch/Martin Furholt/Martin Hinz/Luise Lorenz/Hildegard Nelson/Georg Schafferer/Sara Schiesberg/Karl-Göran Sjögren, Dichtezentren und lokale Gruppierungen - Eine Karte zu den Großsteingräbern Mittel- und Nordeuropas. www.jungsteinsite.de Artikel vom 20. Oktober 2010.
  • Johannes Müller/Jan Piet Brozio/Denis Demnick/Hauke Dibbern/Barbara Fritsch/Martin Furholt/Franziska Hage/Martin Hinz/Luise Lorenz/Doris Mischka/Christoph Rinne, Periodisierung der Trichterbecher-Gesellschaften. Ein Arbeitsentwurf. www.jungsteinsite.de Artikel vom 26. Oktober 2010.
  • Martin Furholt/Doris Mischka/Knut Rassmann/Georg Schafferer, MegaForm - Ein Formalisierungssystem für die Analyse monumentaler Baustrukturen des Neolithikums im nördlichen Mitteleuropa. www.jungsteinsite.de Artikel vom 25. November 2010.

2009

  • Martin Furholt, Quantifying Spatial Similarity Patterns in Material Culture: The Baden Complex in a Polythetic culture model." 26 Sep. 2009. Aegeo-Balkan Prehistory. http://www.aegeobalkanprehistory.net/article.php?id_art=17 (28 Sep. 2009).

2008

  • Martin Furholt, Pottery, Cultures and People? The European Baden material re-examined. Antiquity 82, 4, 2008, 614-628.
  • Martin Furholt, Die Zlota-Gruppe in Kleinpolen: Ein Beispiel für die Transformation eines Zeichensystems? Germania 86,1, 2008, 1-28.
  • Martin Furholt, Erscheinungen asynchroner kultureller Entwicklung am Übergang vom Spät- zum Endneolithikum in Mitteleuropa. Eine Untersuchung der Siedlungsfunde mit Schnurkeramik. In: W. Dörfler/ J. Müller (Hrsg.), Umwelt-Wirtschaft-Siedlungen im dritten vorchristlichen Jahrtausend. Offa-Bücher Band 84 (Neumünster 2008), 9-34.
  • Martin Furholt/Philipp Stockhammer, Wenn stumme Dinge sprechen sollen. Gedanken zu semiotischen Ansätzen in der Archäologie. In: M. Butter/ R. Grundmann/ Chr. Sanchez (Hrsg.), Zeichen der Zeit. Interdisziplinäre Perspektiven zur Semiotik. (Frankfurt am Main, Berlin u. a. 2008), 59-71.
  • Martin Furholt, Culture History beyond Cultures: The Case of the Baden Complex. In: Martin Furholt/Marzena Szmyt/Albert Zastawny, The Baden Complex and the Outside World. Studien zur Archäologie in Ostmitteleuropa Bd. 4 (Bonn 2008), 13-24 .

2007

  • Martin Furholt, Die nördlichen Badener Keramikstile im Kontext des mitteleuropäischen Spätneolithikums (3650-2900 v. Chr.), Dissertation Kiel 2006 (Zusammenfassung). Archäologische Informationen 29, 2006 (2007), 235-242. 

2006

  • Dirk Raetzel-Fabian/Martin Furholt, Frühbadener Elemente im Neolithikum Mitteldeutschlands: »Die Schöninger Gruppe«. Archäologisches Korrespondenzblatt 36, 2006, 347-358.
  • Martin Furholt/Jan Machnik, Iwanowice Babia Góra I and the Settlements with Baden Ceramics in Little Poland: Questions Concerning their Duration. Sprawozdania Archeologiczne 58, 2006, 325-354.

2004

  • Martin Furholt, Entstehungsprozesse der Schnurkeramik und das Konzept eines Einheitshorizontes. Archäologisches Korrespondenzblatt 34, 2004, 479-498.

2003

  • Martin Furholt, Ausbreitung neuer Machtsymbole. Archäologie in Deutschland 5/2003, 24-25.
  • Martin Furholt, Absolutchronologie und die Entstehung der Schnurkeramik. In: www.jungsteinsite.de Artikel vom 16. Dezember 2003.

 

Rezensionen:

  • Rezension zu Eva Hübner, Jungneolithische Gräber auf der Jütischen Halbinsel (Kopenhagen 2005) Offa 2006/07.

 

Online-Datenbank:

2003

  • Martin Furholt/Johannes Müller/Dirk Raetzel-Fabian/Christoph Rinne/Hans-Peter Wotzka, RADON – Radiokarbondaten online. Datenbank mitteleuropäischer 14C-Daten für das Neolithikum und die frühe Bronzezeit. In: www.jungsteinsite.de.

Forschungsprojekte

1. „The Dynamics of Settlement Concentration Processes and Land-use in Early Farming Communities in the North-western Carpathian Basin“

This project is being conducted in the context of the CRC 1266 „Scales of Transformations“ and is funded by the German Research Foundation („DFG“),  during the period from 2016 to 2020. We collaborate with a number of German and Slovakian Colleagues. Starting point were geomagnetic surveys and excavations several early Neolithic site in southwest Slovakia and Western Hungary, together with field surveys and excavations. The aim of the project is to investigate how the newly formed LBK societies established large, agglomerated settlements, as they are found, for example in Vráble, Southwest Slovakia,

What is still very poorly understood is how many people were involved, how sedentary these societies were to begin with, how they actually adopted agriculture and animal husbandry, and what degree of experimentation or diverse developments played their part. We want to know whether traces of the Mesolithic heritage can be identified and what role south-eastern European traditions played and which include new forms of social organisation, subsistence strategies and how the demographic and economic basis of these developments evolved. With survey and excavation data form several sites in Hungary and Slovakia, combined with available data from older excavations and surveys, it will be possible to answer these questions grounded on a substantial base of archaeological and scientific data. One major problem with the research on LBK societies so far has been the application of a number unquestioned premises towards the nature of social organisation and economy. It has been assumed that all LBK settlements are constituted by socially homogenous, culturally coherent, fully sedentary and agriculturally based communities. These prejudices, which make Neolithic settlements seem like idealised versions of late medieval rural villages have been upheld despite an ever growing amount of clearly contradicting data suggesting a large degree of diversity in nutrition, mobility patterns, even genetic groupings of individual members of these societies.

We thus concentrate on actual and identifiable practices in and around single houses, within sections of a settlement, in settlements as well as regions containing interdependent settlements systems or settlement agglomerations. For such investigations the sites and regions under investigation in southwest Slovakia and Hungary hold great potential. Through the geomagnetic investigations we have complete plans of settlements and are able choose the optimal places for excavations. Through an excellent preservation on several of the sites, we have obtained good series of cereal, bone and teeth samples for stable isotope and aDNA analyses.  We have now started to investigate the strategies of animal husbandry relating to the different animal species, the strategies of crop production and plant management and collection. We will be able to compare these data to those analysed further to the west, and answer the question how stable and standardised food producing strategies of the first central European Farmers and if and how these patterns changed over time.

 

2.  Regional and Local Patterns of 3rd Millennium Transformations of Social and Economic Practices in the Central German Mountain Range (with Christoph Rinne, Kiel)

This Project This project is being conducted in the context of the CRC 1266 „Scales of Transformations“ and is funded by the German Research Foundation („DFG“). It focusses on on the transformation of ritual practices, social and economic patterns by communities during the 3rd  millennium BCE in the area of the Lower Mountain Range (Central and West Germany). It will be explored to what degree the marked changes in burial rituals around 2800 BCE during the transition from the Late Neolithic period (as distinguished in the Wartberg, Bernburg, Salzmünde and Funnel Beakers cultures) to the Final Neolithic period (represented by Corded Ware and Schönfeld complexes) are linked to changes in settlement patterns, subsistence economy and burial rituals.

The above mentioned transition is part of a Europe-wide phenomenon, which is traditionally seen as an abrupt or at least rapid transformation, and is connectd to phenomena of migration. It has, however, become clear that in order to understand thethe social processes connected to this transformation, we need to look at local and regional developments in order to assess their potentially diverse trajectories. The German Lower Mountain Range provides a suitable laboratory to study and compare processes of transformation affecting cosmology, rituals, social relations, subsistence and settlement patterns. It is one of the core regions of the “Corded Ware” phenomenon, and it also includes a variety of different ecological areas in the overall similar environmental and climatic zone of the Lower Mountain Range, thus enabling the assessment of differential economic strategies.

 

3. Temporal and Spatial Patterns of the Funnel Beaker Culture

This project is funded by the German Research Council ("DFG"), started in 2009 and will exist until 2017. Until 2013 it was headed by Dr. Marie-Josee Nadeau, who handed it over to me, when she left for Trondheim University.  It served as the central dating project of the SPP „Early Monumentality and Social Differentiation“ . Its aim is to create fine-grained chronological models for the different funnel beaker micro-regions, and monument building sequences, in order to refine the status quo, which until now has been mainly based on topochronological models. These, of course have their merits, but are too coarse to be able to account for the dynamics of local activities and regional interaction. We have as yet been able to create detailed Bayesian Models for the histories of several megalithic structures and settlement sites in Northern Germany. The project is now in the phase of final publication. 

 

4. The Social Dimension of Technological Change (with Berit Valentin Eriksen, Schleswig, and Johannes Müller, Kiel)

This project is funded in the context of the CRC 1266 „Scales of  Transformation“ and deals with the social role of technologies in processes of social transformation.  Either the introduction of new technologies is seen as a response to change, or technological innovation is itself seen as a trigger or a direct cause of a societal or environmental transformation. Consequently, technology represents an important medium for socio-environmental interactions in particular in times of change. Technological changes are observed on different spatial scales (from local to global) and on different chronological scales (from short-term invention to long-lasting innovations). In our definition, “technology” is a formalised structure of practices directed towards a defined goal, including social, discursive, and knowledgeable aspects. The capability to apply knowledge, as a mediator of processes and daily activities in relation to demanding periods, is of crucial interest. Both structural elements (knowledge) as well as agent-based elements (know-how) are connected with the distribution of new technologies. Technologies as innovations in societies may be accepted or rejected for social or political reasons, because technologies also transport ideologies. Of special interest are technological changes in the economic sphere (the domestication of plants and animals, production, distribution, consumption) and in the sphere of power structures (whether as an arms race or institutional rule). The main aim of the project is to investigate culturally-specific and general anthropologic patterns as well as individual decisions regarding how technologies are contested, chosen and rejected and how this relates to phenomena of transformation in socio-environmental interactions. This will be approached by involving international guest researchers.