Anthropological archaeology combines theories and methods of cultural anthropology and pre- and early history. This synthesis serves to better understand the development of past human communities and their cultural practices. Ethnoarchaeological studies document the connections between human activity and its archaeologically comprehensible effects. Ethnographic analogies are explored in their possibilities and limits for the interpretation of archaeological finds and artefacts. The spectrum of methods interlinks different disciplines and comprises participating observation, interviews, the analysis of oral and written traditions as well as surveys and excavations of settlements, economic facilities and other places used and shaped by humans. The junior professorship has been in existence since 2016 and is currently unique in Germany with its thematic orientation. The regional focus of field research at the Kiel Institute is in Siberia and Inner Asia.