Botanical Reference Collection

Comparative Collection

The various reference collections are essential tools available to Environmental Archaeology:

Reference collections of Central European and Mediterranean pollen grains and spores

The institutes reference collection of modern Central European and Mediterranean pollen grains and spores is comprised of approx. 3,200 taxa.

Reference collection of tropical pollen grains and spores (Asia-Indonesia)

The Collection of microscopic specimens is currently comprised of approx. 400 pollen grains and spores of tropical plant species, mainly from Indonesia/Asia. Silicon oil was primarily used as an embedding compound, however glycerin was also used. Pollen and spores were gathered in several herbariums (National Herbarium Nederland, Leiden; Herbarium Bogoriense, Indonesia) and supplemented with materials from the collection of Dr. Heike Culmsee, Göttingen University.Photographies of pollen grains and spores from the reference collection are available on the Australasian Pollen and Spore Atlas (APSA)

 von Palaeoworks, ANU Canberra, Australia.

Lists of taxa: Tropical pollen grains and spores

Reference collection of extant fruit and seeds

Archaeobotany has an extensive reference collection of extant fruit and seeds (approx. 14,000 taxa). The main collection focus is Central Europe, however alpine and Mediterranean species are also represented.

Kiels charcoal reference collection

At the Institute for Pre- and Protohistory a reference collection of extant and old charcoal has been growing since 2013. It is currently comprised of 48 taxa predominantly from Central European groves (36 species from 20 families).

Photo-index of fossilized botanical macroremains

Botanical macroremains from soil archives are exposed to numerous environmental influences. Property, form and colour changes, which makes comparing remains with extant materials difficult. This is why it is important to have a reference collection of fossilized materials alongside extensive collections of extant seeds and fruit. The Photo-index, which is mainly used in Teaching, is comprised of more than 200 pictures taken by Dusanka Kucan (NIhK, Wilhelmshaven) and Wiebke Kirleis.

Literature data base of Krollian cultivated plants

The literature data base for archaeological remains of cultivated plants
( (1981-2004) is based on the works of Dr. Helmut Kroll (in Kiel). It is comprised of approx. 1,000 contributions of various authors, corresponding to 11,800 entries on
species of cultivated plants.