FMSD - Frühe Monumentalität und Soziale Differenzierung

Early Monumentality and Social Differentiation
DFG Priority Program

The volumes of the series have been published since 2011 as part of the eponymous DFG (German Research Foundation) Priority Program 1400, which has been based at the institute since 2008. Thesis series and conferences are published in the series, whose subject matter is closely linked to the Priority Program and therefore deal primarily with topics of the early funnel beaker societies in Europe. Edited by Johannes Müller; Institute for Prehistory and Early History, Kiel

Publisher Rudolf Habelt, Bonn

List of published volumes until 2017 (pdf)


Early Monumentality And Social Differentiation Vol.18

Megaliths Societies Landscapes
Early Monumentality And Social Differentiation In Neolithic Europe
Eds.: Johannes Müller, Martin Hinz, Maria Wunderlich

The 5th and 4th millennium BCE saw the emergence of monumental architecture in Neolithic and Chalcolithic contexts throughout different parts of Europe. Current research is using a set of diverse methodologies and produces multilayered interpretations in order to create multi-faceted narratives on this phenomenon.
The international conference “Megaliths, Societies, Landscapes. Early Monumentality and Social Differentiation in Neolithic Europe” aimed to bring together researchers from various regions and contexts, thus providing an up-to date perspective on prehistoric monumental architecture. The conference was also an opportunity to present the results of the DFG- Priority Program 1400 “Early Monumentality and Social Differentiation. On the origin and development of Neolithic large-scale buildings and the emergence of early complex societies in Northern Central Europe” which focused on the appearance of monumentality in the context of Neolithic Funnel Beaker communities.
These proceedings present the results of this conference, covering topics such as monuments made of stone, wood and earth, as well as interpretative aspects such as the importance of monumentality for landscape construction and the social significance of monumentality. They comprise of wide-ranging case studies with a continental scope that illustrate the manifold implications and manifestations of monumentality. They also demonstrate the need of holistic approaches and the integration of diverse data sets for the understanding of a phenomenon of such complexity. For a wider understanding of varying forms of monumentality, ethnoarchaeological studies on megaliths from different continents were integrated as well.
The conference proceedings show that the construction of monuments may have been driven by very different factors and was embedded in diverse contexts of social organisation, thus being a highly variable and transformative phenomenon.

Bonn, Habelt 2019
ISBN 978-3-7749-4213-4


Frühe Monumentalität und Soziale Differenzierung Bd.17

Die Megalithgräber im Haldensleber Forst
Christoph Rinne

The Haldensleben Forest northwest of Magdeburg near the Midland Canal is known for its impressive number of megalithic tombs. Containing 117 monuments made from ice age boulders in an area of only 86 km², this is the southernmost density centre of this type of site. Yet as of today, this remarkable ensemble of tombs has not been portrayed inclusively before this publication. The publication at hand contains a catalogue and plans of the tombs as well as evaluations of both previously published and unpublished materials in connection with recent research and own recordings. In context to adjacent grave sites and settlements, the region is displayed as an area of habitation and burial. The publication also includes a CD containing all the data collected and used for analysis and provides an excellent basis for further research.

Bonn, Habelt 2019
ISBN 978-3-7749-4201-1

Early Monumentality and Social Differentiation Vol. 15

Mensch-Umweltbeziehungen zwischen 4000 und 2200 cal BC. Vegetationsgeschichtliche Untersuchungen an Mooren und trichterbecherzeitlichen Fundplätzen der Altmark.

Recent excavations of Neolithic graves near Lüdelsen (Altmark) have provided important insights not only into the biography of these ritual sites and graves, but also into the entire development of TRB ceramics. In this book, Sarah Diers presents the paleo-ecological data of the excavations, and analyses the environmental development between 4000 and 2200 B.C. on the basis of several pollen profiles from bogs in Altmark. For the first time it is possible to unravel the character and extent of human influence on the environment in Altmark in the Neolithic. We also recognize the strong relationship between environment and society in the Neolithic.

Bonn, Habelt 2018
ISBN 978-3-7749-4130-4


Frühe Monumentalität und Soziale Differenzierung Bd.14

Kommunikationsstrukturen mittelneolithischer Gesellschaften im nordmitteleuropäischen Tiefland

More than 100 years of research and publication on megalithic tombs in north-central Europe have resulted in a comprehensive material base, presented in a single report and typological study, which has been standardized in the presented dissertation: 22900 artifacts from 1582 sites, including 4357 ceramic vessels.
The author succeeds in proposing regional typochronological structures and in postulating spatial trends for northern Germany. Funnel-pottery grave ceramics are analyzed by means of statistical analysis for questions on the interaction and communication of local and regional groups. From this the author develops a model that shows a typological trend from west to the north and northeast.

Bonn, Habelt 2018
ISBN 978-3-7749-4065-9

Frühe Monumentalität und Soziale Differenzierung Bd.16

Keramik aus Megalithgräbern in Nordwestdeutschland. Interaktionen und Netzwerke der Trichterbecherwestgruppe
Julia Menne

The grave goods of Neolithic megalithic tombs in northwestern Germany are subject to constant change. Through the new research on megalithic burials in the distribution area of the Funnel Beaker Western Group the author reveals a close-knit cultural network. Selected grave pottery will be examined in addition to a descriptive analysis with current scientific methods in terms of their material science aspects. For the first time, the identifiable innovation transfer between the builders of the megalithic graves will be covered in detail. A clear contrast of identities emerges within Neolithic society, reflected in processes of adaptation and normalization within territorial and natural boundaries. Here the Emsland, with its numerous graves, plays a significant role as an intermediary within the Funnel Beaker Western Group.

Bonn, Habelt 2018
ISBN 978-3-7749-3910-3


Frühe Monumentalität und Soziale Differenzierung Bd. 12

Die Entwicklung zweier Konzepte? Großsteingräber und Grabenwerke bei Haldensleben-Hundisburg
Kay Schmütz

The Haldensleben-Hundisburg region in Saxony-Anhalt is a "test region" for investigating the interactions between north-central European funnel beaker societies in the northern German lowlands and the cultural groups of loess-covered traditional settlement areas to the south. Here you will find the necropolis of the Haldensleber Forstes, consisting of 117 megalithic graves in the old moraine landscape and seperated by the Beber river from the ditched enclousure Hundisburg-Olbetal to the south.
In several field campaigns, parts of the enclosure and the megalith grave Hundisburg-Küsterberg were excavated. Surprising results include the uncovering of a large ditched enclosure dating back to around 4100 B.C. with pottery correspond to the Schiepzig style. The megalithic tomb of Küsterberg excavated on the northern side of the Beber dates primarily to the period after 3500 B.C. The inventories from the Bernburg settlement Hundisburg-Olbetal and the megalithic tomb situated only a few kilometres to the south suggest a linked development: While at first in the passage grave Küsterberg elements of Tiefstich pottery have a high proportion, parallel to the settlement more and more other pottery stiles are introduced in the megalithic tomb. Exciting and multi-layered references of a Neolithic border region become accessible.

Bonn, Habelt 2017
ISBN 978-3-7749-4051-2

Frühe Monumentalität und Soziale Differenzierung Bd. 13

Zwischen Elbe und Ems. Die Siedlungen der Trichterbecherkultur in Nordwestdeutschland
M. Mennenga

In the present volume, various funerary pottery sites from northwestern Germany are presented from a settlement archaeological perspective. Moritz Mennenga combines feature and find analyzes with current scientific dating. This facilitates a new view on the Funnel Beaker West Group. Above all, the examination of architecture and function of the houses in the West Group has created a new image of their development. Far-sighted, he succeeds in putting these into a European framework and in doing so setting out links with North-Western Europe. Thus, while large-scale purchases can be made on the one hand, the detailed analysis of the intrasite find distributions on the other hand enables partly surprising reconstructions of activity and waste zones - e.g. in the settlement of Lavenstedt. A new look at settlement burials and "cult houses" also contributes to a better understanding of the Middle Neolithic life situation in northwestern Germany.. 

Bonn, Habelt 2017
ISBN 978-3-7749-4118-2