SFB 1266 - F: Socio-Environmental Components of Change
F1: Supra-regional crises: Abrupt climate change and responses of (multi-cultural) ancient societies in the western Mediterranean area and in Southern Central Europe around 4200 years BP (DFG GEPRIS)
The aim of project F1 is to disentangle complex socio-environmental processes of transformations in a supra-regional and super-cultural view, and plans to assess the role of abrupt climate change and socio-environmental crises in shaping archaeological transformations exemplarily starting with the 4.2 ka BP event in the western Mediterranean region by a) geological analyses of marine climate archives to reconstruct hydroclimatic changes, i.e. precipitation (¿D of plant wax n-alkanes), seasonal SST (Uk37´, planktonic foraminifera/¿¿18O) and hydrography as quantifiable climate proxies and b) the exploration of archaeological materials that relate to the 4.2 event in the western Mediterranean through compilation and analyses of archaeological and palaeo-ecological data.
F2: Socio-environmental transformations and interdependencies (DFG GEPRIS)
The focus of project F2 concentrates on the role of environmental change for cultural development during phases of cultural transformations. Two approaches will be applied by using pollen-, geochemical-, and microfacies-analyses of varied spatial and temporal scales. On-site and near-site studies of sediments, buried soils, colluvial deposits and archaeological features will provide information on local living conditions, human activity and environmental change with high spatial resolution. To identify trans-regional human-environmental interdependencies, a comparison of annually laminated lake sediments on a transect spanning different ecological and cultural zones from Northwest Germany to Southeast Poland is envisaged.
Principal investigators: Hans-Rudolf Bork, Walter Dörfler
F3: Dynamics of plant economies in ancient societies (DFG GEPRIS)
To understand the driving factors and components for transformative developments in subsistence regimes and their societal feedbacks, a multi-proxy approach will be applied in project F3 through the integration of quantifiable evidence from archaeobotany, archaeology/material culture and ethnography. In a diachronic perspective and for a geographical transect spanning from the Northern European Plain via East-Central Europe towards the Carpathian Basin, data from botanical macro-remain analyses will be compared with data from the material culture related to food acquisition and agricultural practices and be contrasted with ethnographic data to identify possible typologies of technological change in subsistence economy.
Principal investigator: Wiebke Kirleis
F5: Social Dimensions of Technological Change (DFG GEPRIS)
Technology represents an important medium for socio-environmental interactions particularly in times of change. Either the introduction of new technologies is seen as a response to change, or technological innovation is itself seen as a trigger or a direct cause of a societal or environmental transformation. The main aim of the project is to investigate culturally-specific and general anthropologic patterns as well as individual decisions regarding how technologies are contested, chosen and rejected and how this relates to phenomena of transformation in socio-environmental interactions. This will be approached by involving international guest researchers to create dialogues with the PIs in the CRC.