Priv.-Doz. Dr. rer. nat. Mara Weinelt

Palaeoclimatology, Graduate School "Human Development in Landscapes"

Johanna-Mestorf-Straße 2-6, R.34
Phone: +49 431 880-4618 (1639)
Telefax: +49 431 880-7300 (5498)

Curriculum Vitae

2010- Continuation as civil servant (academic councillor).
02/2010-04/2011 Leave of absence as coordinator to be able to put forward a motion of a concept for the future of Kiel University at the presidium of the CAU.
05/2008- Scientific coordinator of the graduate school “Human development in landscapes” at the Christian- Albrechts-University in Kiel
04/2007-05/2008 Head of the excellence cluster “The Fututre Ocean” at the CAU.
02/2006-03/2007 Leave of absence granted by the senior assistant to pursue coordination work on the application of the excellence cluster “The Future Ocean” (Application and Concessionary period) as academic councillor in the department for Research and Transfer of Technology of the CAU. As well as supporting the application of the graduate school “Human Development in Landscapes”.
05/2002- Senior assistant at the Institute for Geosciences at Kiel University (Micropalaeontology, Palaeooceanography).
2002 Habilitation, Venia Legendi for Geology. Habilitation dissertation: “Zur sekulären Veränderlichkeit der Deckschicht im Nördlichen Nordatlantik im letzten Eiszeitzyklus”.
1997-1999 Scientific Secretary of the SFB 313.
1995-2001 Scientific assistant at the Institute for Geosciences, Micropalaeontology department
1993-1995 Scientific employee (Postdoc) of the EU-project (EPOCH/ Environment) in the workgroup of Prof. Sarnthein.
1993 Doctorate at the Faculty for mathematics and science at the Christian-Albrechts-University in Kiel by Prof. Dr. M. Sarnthein. Title of the dissertation: “ Veränderungen der Oberflächenzirkulation im Europäischen Nordmeer während der letzten 60.000 Jahre – Hinweise aus stabilen Isotopen”.
1989-1993 scientific employee (doctoral candidate) at the Collaborative Research Centre 313 at the Christian-Albrechts-University in Kiel, in the workgroup of Prof. Dr. M. Sarnthein
1980-1989 Diploma for Geology-Palaeontology at Tübingen University
1980-1988 Studies in Geology/Palaeontology at the Eberhard-Karls University in Tübingen. Diploma thesis with Prof. Dr. H.-P. Luterbacher.
1980 Higher Education Entrance Qualification at the German school in Las Palmas de G.C., Spain

Research Focus and Objectives

Palaeoclimatological Research Focus

Her general scientific interests are in unraveling the late quarter climate history from high definition marine climate archives. At the foreground is a better understanding of fast changing climates on multidecadial timescales which are comparable to anthropogenical climate change through quantitative reconstructions of quarterly climate scenarios that can be used as analogs for future climate changes.

Objectives of particular interest are:

  • The quantifiable reconstruction of marine climatic variables (palaeotemperatures, -salinities, -densities, sea ice cover, -productivity, CO2- pressure in surface water) through geochemical signatures in shells of foraminiferas and micropalaeontological approaches
  • The development of quantifiable “proxies” with stable isotopes, trace metals micropalaeontological approaches. And particularly a better understanding for geochemical signal formation in chalk-shelled microorganisms as basis for a new generation of more precise palaeoenvironmental proxies with an eye on developing new high definition climate archives.
  • The reconstruction of the stability of Atlantic meridional "overturning" circulation (AMOC) during the Holocene and early interglacial period as potential analogs for future global warming scenarios.
  • Global and regional reconstructions of high glacial sea surface data and providing reconstructions for the validation and initialization of climate models.
  • Understanding the palaeoecology and evolution of planktonic foraminifera as the most important carrier of geochemical signals in marine sediments.
  • Better understanding of marine ?18O, ?13C cycles: The role of marine plankton in the global CO2 cycle.
  • Understanding the role of ocean passages for ocean circulation, climate and evolution. Start and progression of the Northern Atlantic thermohaline circulation in the Oligocene/Miocene and the progression during the glaciation of the northern hemisphere.


Projects with third-party funds since 2006

  • WE 2679-41: The Transpolar Gateways. (31.000€, 05/06-05/07)
  • Impact of Gateways on Ocean Circulation, Climate, and Evolution (TP-B1-Denmark-Strait) Co-PI, DFG-Forschergruppe 451.
  • WE2679/51: Evolution of Pliocene paleoceanograpy in the subpolar northwest Atlantic during the onset of Northern Hemisphere Glaciation (NHG); DFG, IODP Schwerpunkt (05-07/07)
  • WE 2679-61: IP03/AMOCINT (=Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation during Interglacials)-, ESF-EUROMARC-Projekt (Koordination Eystein Jansen, Bergen), Laufzeit (12/07-12/10)



A list of selected publications is also available for download (PDF)


  • Repschläger, J., Weinelt, M., Blanz, Th., Schneider, R., Krebs-Kanzow, U., Allen, G.X., Leduc, G., Schneider, B., Schiebel, R., Haug, G.H., 2019., Disentangling multiproxy temperature reconstructions in the subtropical North Atlantic. Joint publication of American Geophysical Union’s journals Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology and JGR Biogeosciencespaper in honor of R. Thunnel.  
  • Hinz, M., Schirrmacher, J., Kneisel, J., Rinne, C., and Weinelt, M., 2019. The Chalcolithic–Bronze Age transiton in southern Iberia under the infuence of the 4.2 kyr enent? A correlation of climatological and demographic proxies. Bulgarian e-Journal of Archaeology
  • Brozio, J. P., Müller, J., Furholt, M., Kirleis, W., Dreibrodt, S., Feeser, I., Dörfler, W., Weinelt, M., Raese, H., Bock, A.-L., 2019. Monuments and Economies − What Drove their Variability in the Middle Holocene Neolithic? Manuscript the Holocene, accepted with minor revisions.
  • Oflaz, A., Weinelt, Dörfler, W., and Weinelt, M., 2019. An overview of olive trees in the eastern Mediterranean during the mid- to late Holocene: Selective exploitation or established arboriculture? In: HOW’S LIFE? Living Conditions in the 2nd and 1st Millennia BCE. Eds.;  Marta dal Corso, Wiebke Kirleis, Jutta Kneisel, Nicole Taylor, Magdalena Wieckowska-Lüth, and Marco Zonan.  Verlag: Sidestone Press, Escheinungsort: Leiden
  • Schirrmacher, J., Weinelt, M., Blanz, T., Andersen, N., Salgueiro, E., and Schneider, R. R., 2019.  Multi-decadal climate variability in southern Iberia during the mid- to late-Holocene, Clim. Past Discuss.,, in review. Manuscript Clim. Past, accepted with minor revisions.


Peer reviewed


  • Yang, L. E., Bork, H.-R., Fang, X., Mischke, S., Weinelt, M.,  and Wiesehöfer, J., 2019. On the Paleo-climatic/Environmental Impacts and Socio-Cultural System Resilience along the Historical Silk Road. In: Socio-Environmental Dynamics along the Historical Silk Road. Eds.: Liang Emlyn Yang · Hans-Rudolf Bork, Xiuqi Fang and  · Steffen Mischke, (Springer Nature Switzerland AG). ISBN 978-3-030-00727-0


  • Weinelt, M., 2018. Mid-Holocene Environment and Human Interaction in Northern Central Europe. In: Past Landscapes. The Dynamics of Interaction between Society, Landscape, and Culture. Eds.: Annette Haug, Lutz Käppel, Johannes Müller,  (Verlag: Sidestone Press, Escheinungsort: Leiden). pp. 185-206.


  • Butruille, C., Krossa, V. R., Schwab, C., and Weinelt, M., 2017. Reconstruction of mid- to late-Holocene winter temperatures in the Skagerrak region using benthic foraminiferal Mg/Ca and O-18. HOLOCENE, 27, 63-72. DOI: 10.1177/0959683616652701.
  • Repschläger, J.,  Garbe-Schönberg, D., Weinelt, M., and Schneider, R., 2017. Holocene evolution of the North Atlantic subsurface transport. Climate of the Past, 13, 333-344. 


  • Weinelt, M., Schwab, C., Kneisel, J., Hinz, M., 2015. Climate and societal change in the western Mediterranean area around 4.2 ka BP, in: Meller, H., Arz, H.W., Jung, R., Risch, R. (Eds.), 2200 BC – Ein Klimasturz als Ursache für den Zerfall der Alten Welt? Halle (Saale): Landesamt für Denkmalpflege und Archäologie Sachsen-Anhalt, 461–480.
  • Repschläger, J., Weinelt, M., Andersen, N., Garbe-Schönberg, D., and Schneider R., 2015. Northern source for Deglacial and Holocene deepwater composition changes in the Eastern North Atlantic Basin. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 425, 256-267. DOI: 10.1016/j.epsl.2015.05.009.
  • Repschläger, J., Weinelt, M., Kinkel, H., Andersen, N., Garbe-Schönberg, D., and Schwab, C., 2015. Response of the subtropical North Atlantic surface hydrography on deglacial and Holocene AMOC changes.  Paleoceanography, 30, 456–476. doi 10.1002/2014PA002637.


  • Waelbroeck, C., Kiefer, T., Dokken, T., Chen, M. -T. , Spero, H. J. , Jung, S., Weinelt, M., Kucera, M., Paul, A., et al 2014. Constraints on surface seawater oxygen isotope change between the Last Glacial Maximum and the Late Holocene. Quaternary Science Reviews, 105, 102-111. DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.09.020.


  • Schwab, C., Kinkel, H., Weinelt, M., Repschläger, J., (2012). Paleoenvironmental changes in the Azores region between 48 and 130 ka BP with special emphasizes on MIS 5.5. Quaternary Science Reviews 81, pp. 35-47.
  • Schwab, C., Kinkel, H., Weinelt, M., Repschläger, J., (2012). Coccolithophore paleoproductivity and ecology response to deglacial and Holocene changes in the Azores Current System. Paleoceanography 27, PA3210.


  • Kozdon, R., Eisenhauer, A., Weinelt, M, Fietzke, J., Meland, M., and d. Hippler, 2011.. d44/40Ca, Mg/Ca and d18O multi-proxy approach reveals a two phase calcification process in N. pachyderma (sin.). PALEOCEANOGRAPHY, VOL. 26, PA3206, 17 PP.doi:10.1029/2010PA002056.


  • Khélifi, N., Sarnthein, M., Andersen, N., Blanz, T., Frank, M., Garbe-Schönberg, D., Haley, B.A, . Roland Stumpf,  R., and M. Weinelt, 2009. A major and long-term Pliocene intensification of the Mediterranean outflow, 3.5–3.3 Ma ago. Geology, 9, 811-814.
  • Sarnthein, M., Bartoli, G., Prange, M., Schmittner, A., Schneider, B., Weinelt, M., Andersen, N., and Garbe-Schönberg, D., 2009. Mid-Pliocene shifts in ocean overturning circulation and the onset of Quaternary-style climates, Clim. Past, 5, 269-283.
  • MARGO project members, 2009. Constraints on the magnitude and patterns of ocean cooling at the Last Glacial Maximum". Nature Geoscience 2, 127 – 132. doi:10.1038/ngeo411.
    MARGO project members * Waelbroeck, C., Paul, A., Kucera, M., Rosell-Melé, A., Weinelt, M., Schneider, R., (lead authors) Abelmann, A., Armand, L., Barker, S., Barrows, T.T., Benway, H., Cacho, I., Chen M.-T., Cortijo, E., Crosta, X., de Vernal, A., Dokken, T., Duprat, J., Elderfield, H., Eynaud, F., Gersonde, R., Hayes, A., Henry, M., Hillaire-Marcel, C., Huang, C.-C., Jansen, E., Juggins, S., Kallel, N., Kiefer, T., Kienast, M., Londeix, L., Mangin, S., Matthiessen, Marret, F., Meland, M., Mix, A.C., Morey, A.E., Mulitza, S., Pflaumann, U., Pisias, N.G., Radi, T., Rochon, Rohling, E.J., A., Sbaffi, L., Schäfer-Neth, C., Solignac, S., Spero, H., Tachikawa, K., Turon, J.-L.
  • Kozdon, R., A. Eisenhauer, M. Weinelt, M. Y. Meland, and D. Nürnberg (2009), Reassessing Mg/Ca temperature calibrations of Neogloboquadrina pachyderma (sinistral) using paired d44/40Ca and Mg/Ca measurements, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst.., 10, Q03005, doi:10.1029/2008GC002169.
  • Otto-Bliesner, B., Schneider, R. R., Kucera, M., Paul, A., Rosell-Melé, A., Brady, E.C., Weinelt, M., and M. Stevens, 2009. A Comparison of PMIP-2 Model Simulations and the MARGO Proxy Reconstruction for Tropical Sea Surface Temperatures at Last Glacial Maximum. Climate Dynamics, DOI: 10.1007/s00382-008-0509-0.
  • Weinelt, M., 2009. Ocean Paleotemperatures, 651-659. In: Vivian Gornitz (ed.) Encyclopedia of Paleoclimatology and Ancient Environments, Springer 2009.


  • DeVernal, A., Rosell-Melé, A., Kucera, M., Hillaire-Marcel, C., Eynaud, E., Weinelt, M., Dokken, T., and M. Kageyama, 2006. Multiproxy recxonstruction of LGM sea-surface conditions in the northern North Atlantic. Submitted to Quaternary Science Reviews,25 , 2820–2834.
  • Bartoli, G., Sarnthein, M., Weinelt, M., Andersen, N., Erlenkeuser, H., Garbe-Schönberg, D., 2006. Millenial-scale Late Pliocene Climate Variability in the northern North Atlantic prior and after the Onset of Northern Hemisphere Glaciation. Paleoceanography, 21, PA4205, doi:10.1029/2005PA001185, 2006.


  • Bartoli, G., Sarnthein, M., Weinelt, M., Lea, D. W., Erlenkeuser, H., Garbe-Schönberg, D., 2005. Final closure of Panama and the onset of northern hemisphere glaciation., EPSL, EB2004-105.
  • Kucera, M., Weinelt, M. Kiefer, T., Pflaumann, U., Hayes, A., Weinelt, M., Barrows, T., Chen, M.-T., Cortijo, E., Duprat, J., and Waelbroeck, C., 2005. Glacial sea-surface temperatures from assemblages of planktonic foraminifera: a framework for regional reconstructions based on multi-technique consensus. Quaternary Science Reviews, 24, 951-998.
  • Kucera, M., Rosell-Melé, A., Schneider, R., Waelbroeck, C., Weinelt, M., 2005. Multiproxy approach for the reconstruction of the glacial ocean surface (MARGO). Quaternary Science Reviews, 24, 813-819.


  • Schmittner, A., Sarnthein, M., Kinkel, H. Bartoli, G. Bickert, T., Crucifix, M., Crudeli, D., Groeneveld, J. Kösters, F., Mikolajewicz, U., Millo, C., Reijmer, J., Schäfer, P., Schmidt, D., Schneider, B., Schulz, M., Steph, S., Tiedemann, R., Weinelt, M., and M. Zuvela, 2004,.Global impact of the Panamanian seaway closure. EOS, 85, 525.


  • Pflaumann, U., Sarnthein, M., Chapman, M., Duprat, J., Huels, M., Kiefer, T., Maslin, M., Schulz, H., van Kreveld, S., Vogelsang, E., and M. Weinelt, 2003. North Atlantic: Sea-surface conditions reconstructed by GLAMAP-2000, Paleoceanography, 18, doi:10/1029/2002PA000774.
  • Sarnthein, M., Pflaumann, U., and M. Weinelt, 2003. Past extent of sea-ice in the northern North Atlantic inferred from foraminiferal paleotemperature estimates, Paleoceanography, 18 doi:10/1029/2002PA000771.
  • Sarnthein, M., Gersonde, R., Niebler, S., Pflaumann, U., Spielhagen, R., Thiede, Wefer, G., and M. Weinelt, 2003. Preface: Glacial Atlantic Ocean Mapping (GLAMAP-2000), Paleoceanography, 18, doi:10/1029/2002PA000770.
  • Weinelt, M., Vogelsang, E., Kucera, M., Pflaumann, U., Sarnthein, M., Völker, A., Erlenkeuser, H., and B. A. Malmgren, 2003. Variability of North Atlantic heat transfer during MIS 2, Paleoceanography, 18, doi:10/1029/2002PA000772.
  • Weinelt, M., Rosell-Melé, A., Pflaumann, U., Sarnthein, M., and T. Kiefer, 2003. Zur Rolle der Produktivität im Nordostatlantik bei abrupten Klimaänderungen in den letzten 80 000 Jahren, Z.dt.geol.Ges., 154, 47-66.


  • Rosell-Melé A., Jansen E., and M. Weinelt., 2002. Appraisal of a molecular approach to infer variations in surface ocean freshwater inputs into the North Atlantic during the last glacial. Global and Planetary Change: 34, 143-152.


  • Steinke, S., Kienast, M., Pflaumann, U., Weinelt, M., and K. Stattegger, 2001. A high resolution SST record from the tropical South China Sea (16,500-3,500 ys B.P.), Quaternary Research, 55, 352-362.
  • Sarnthein, M., Stattegger, K., Dreger, D., Erlenkeuser, H., Grootes, P., Haupt, B., Jung, S., Kiefer, T., Kuhnt, W., Pflaumann, U., Schäfer-Neth, C., Schulz, H., Schulz, M., Seidov, D., Simstich, J., van Kreveld, S., Vogelsang, E., Völker, A., and M. Weinelt, 2001. Fundamental modes and abrupt changes in North Atlantic circulation and climate over the last 60 ky – Concepts, reconstruction, and numerical modelling, In: Schäfer, P., Ritzrau, W., Schlueter, M., Thiede, J. (eds.), The northern North Atlantic: a changing environment, Springer Verlag, Berlin, 365-410.
  • Weinelt, M., Kuhnt, W., Sarnthein, M., Altenbach, A., Costello, O., Erlenkeuser, H., Pflaumann, U., Simstich, J., Struck, U., Thies, A., Trauth, M. H., and E. Vogelsang, 2001. Paleoceanographic Proxies in the Northern North Atlantic, In: The Northern North Atlantic: A changing environment, M. Schlüter, P. Schäfer, W. Ritzrau, J. Thiede (eds.), Springer, Berlin, 319-352.


  • Pinot, S., Ramstein, G., Marsiat, I., De Vernal, A., Peyron, O., Duplessy, J. C., and M. Weinelt, 1999. Sensitivity of the European LGM climate to North Atlantic sea-surface temperature, Geophys. Res. Letters, 26, 1893-1896.
  • Bauch, H. A., Erlenkeuser, H., Fahl, K., Spielhagen, R., Weinelt, M. S., Amdruleit, H., and R. Henrich, 1999. Evidence for a steeper Eemian than Holocene sea surface temperature gradient between Arctic and sub-Arctic regions, Paleo Paleo Paleo, 145, 95-117.
  • Rosell-Melé, A., Weinelt, M., Koç, N., Jansen, E., and M. Sarnthein, 1998. Variability of the Arctic front during the last climatic cycle: application of a novel molecular proxy, Terra Nova, 10, 86-89.
  • Bauch, H. A. and M. Weinelt, 1997. Surface Water Changes in the Norwegian Sea during the last Deglacial and Holocene Times. Quaternary Science Reviews, 16, 1115-1124.
  • Seidov, D., Sarnthein, M., Stattegger, K., Prien, R, and M. Weinelt, 1996. North Atlantic Ocean Circulation during the last glacial maximum and subsequent meltwater event: A numerical model. J. Geophys. Res., 101, 16,305-16,332.
  • Weinelt, M., Sarnthein, M., U. Pflaumann. & Schulz, H., Jung, S. & Erlenkeuser, H., 1996. Icefree Nordic Seas during the Last Glacial Maximum? Potential sites of deepwater formation. Palaeoclimates, 1, 283-309.
  • Sarnthein, M., Jansen, E., Weinelt, M., Arnold, M., Duplessy, J.-C., Erlenkeuser, H., Flatøy, A., Johannessen, G., Johannessen, T., Jung, S., Koc, N., Maslin, M., Pflaumann, U. & Schulz, H., 1995. Variations in ATLANTIC surface ocean paleoceanography, 50° - 85°N: A TIME-SLICE record OF THE LAST 30,000 YEARS. Paleoceanography, 1063-1094.
  • Dupont, L. and M. Weinelt., 1996. Vegetation history of the savanna corridor between the Guinean and Congolian rain forest during the last 150,000 years. Veget Hist Archaeobot 5, 273-292.
  • Weinelt, M., Sarnthein, M., Jansen, E., 1995. Younger Dryas cold spell and a Holocene type circulation in the Nordic Seas? Koninklijke Nederlanse Akademie van Watenschappen, Verhandelingen, Afd. Naturkunde, Erste Reeks. deel 44, 109-115.
  • Scholten, J. C., Botz, R., Paetsch, H., Stoffers, P. and M. Weinelt., 1994. High resolution uranium series dating of Norwegian - Greenland Sea sediments: 230TH vs. d18O-stratigraphy. Marine Geology, 121, 77-85.
  • Sarnthein, M., Jansen, E., Arnold, M., Duplessy, J.C., Erlenkeuser, H., Flatoy, A., Veum, T., Vogelsang, E., and M.S. Weinelt, 1992. d18O-time slice reconstruction of meltwater anomalies at termination I in the North Atlantic between 50 and 80°N. In: E. Bard and W.S. Broecker (eds.) The last deglaciation: Absolute and Radiocarbon chronologies. NATO ASI Series, 11, 183-200.
  • Weinelt, M.; Sarnthein, M., Vogelsang, E. & Erlenkeuser, H., 1991. Early decay of the Barents Shelf Ice Sheet - spread of stable isotope signals across the eastern Norwegian Sea. Norsk Geologisk Tidskrift, 71, 137-140.

Reports and others

  • Müller, Johannes und Mara Weinelt. 2008. Eine Graduiertenschule als Brücke zwischen Natur- und Kulturwissenschaften. fur ArchaologInnen: „Human Development in Landscapes“ 27-28. DGUG nachrichten, 30/2.
  • Kozdon, R., Eisenhauer, A. Sarnthein, M. Weinelt, M., Hippler, D., Millo, C. Simstich, J., 2004.. Calcium Isotope Fractionation as a new and Sensitive Proxy for the Reconstruction of Sea Surface Temperatures in High Northern Latitudes. Geophysical Research Abstracts. Vol. 6, 03641.
  • Sarnthein, M., Weinelt, M. et al. , 2002. Coring a sediment record of variations in the Denmark Strait Overflow. Cruise Report ARK XVIII-1a, Berichte zur Polarforschung, 2002.
  • Weinelt, M. 2002. Zur sekulären Veränderlichkeit der Deckschicht im Nördlichen Nordatlantik im letzten Eiszeitzyklus. Habilitationsschrift, Universität Kiel, 2002.
  • Weinelt, 1993. Veränderungen der Oberflächenzirkulation im Europäischen Nordmeer während der letzten 60.000 Jahre - Hinweise aus stabilen Isotopen. Dissertation, Berichte aus dem Sonderforschungsbereich 313, 41, 1-107.


  • Guest-Editor für Quaternary Science Reviews, April/May Issue 2005: MARGO- Multiproxy Approach for the reconstruction of the Glacial Ocean Surface.