Niedertiefenbach

Financed by: GSHDL

Niedertiefenbach is a burial chamber constructed of large stone tiles measuring 10 m in length and 3, 2 m in width (gallery grave). It was erected in the Neolithic Age, specifically in the Late Neolithic Age around 3100 BC, and was used as a burial place (tomb) up until 2800 BC. The large number of preserved burials and the unusual grave goods make it an exceptional research project for the Hessian Monument Preservation.

The renewed studies of Niedertiefenbach is part of a research project on the transition from the Late Neolithic to the end of the Neolithic. During this time a marked change takes place in Central Europe from a pronounced regionalisation with  several discernible form groupings in finds, tomb constructions and burial rites (archaeological culture) to two groups with uniform characteristics spread over a wide area, the Bell Beaker and Corded Ware cultures.  It was probably not an abrupt event that caused this change but a fundamental transition that occurred within a few generations with an oral tradition. Because of the profound changes that occurred in these societies' traditions (especially within the burial rites) we assume that there was a perceived crisis at this period and the processes involved is what we strive to grasp.

Project collaborators: Institute of Clinical Molecular Biology at the Christian-Albrechts-University in Kiel (Prof. Dr. rer. nat. B. Krause-Kyora)/ Hospital for Conservative Dentistry and Periodontology at the Christian-Albrechts-University in Kiel (Prof. Dr. C. Dörfer, J. Kopp) / The Hessian Office for the Preservation of Historical Monuments (Dr. S. Schade-Lindig) / Institute for Pre- and Protohistory at the Christian-Albrechts-University in Kiel (Dr. C. Rinne)