SFB 1266 - D: Agriculturalists and First Metallurgists

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D1: Population agglomerations at Tripolye-Cucuteni mega-sites (DFG GEPRIS)

This project deals with the processes of formation and collapse of the Chalcolithic Cucuteni-Tripolye mega-sites with regard to social conditions and consequences, spatial behaviour, the organisation of subsistence and economy and the use of environmental resources. Such processes will be explored in three different regions, covering single mega-sites and their surroundings with a concentration on surveying, excavation, formal analyses of social space and palaeo-environmental reconstructions.

Principal investigators: Hans-Rudolf Bork, Wiebke Kirleis, Johannes Müller

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D2: Third millennium transformations of social and economic practices in the German Lower Mountain Range (DFG GEPRIS)

Project D2 explores the transformation of ritual practices, economic patterns and the use of the environment by communities during the 3rd millennium BCE in the area of the German Lower Mountain Range, which is archaeologically connected to the transition to Corded Ware groups. The main question is to what degree the marked changes in ritual practices and material culture are connected to changes in the economy and land-use. This will be mainly explored through analyses of social networks, nutrition, mobility patterns and land-use, using available archived materials, mainly from graves, but with a special focus on the scarce settlement data.

Principal investigators: Martin Furholt, Christoph Rinne

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D3: The Bronze Age in North Central Europe: Scales of transformation (DFG GEPRIS)

The Bronze Age in Northern Central Europa displays different phases of extraordinary transformations On the one hand the transition to the Middle Bronze Age and on the other the beginning of the Urnfield period. From a European perspective, 1600 and 1200 BCE are commonly understood as two tipping points of drastic societal change, collapses and crises: the end of the first Bronze Age settlement between Elbe and Warta around 1500 BC and a subsequent lack of human impact in these areas for around 150 years. And 200 years later, the start of cremation burials and the large urn mark the beginning of the late Bronze Age around 1300 BC. The introduction of the cremation not only proves a change in the burial ritual, but also proves radical social changes. In contrast to the few older Bronze Age graves, every individual was then buried. But the transformation processes are not the same in all regions.

Principal investigator: Jutta Kneisel

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